Famous scientists and their inventions
Some famous scientists and their most remarkable inventions and discoveries
Invention is something you create by experimentation, where as discovery is
finding out that already exists.
Evangelista Torricelli (1608-1647)
The famous Italian physicist and mathematician is the inventor of
the barometer (scientific tool used in the field of meteorology to
estimate atmospheric pressure), built in 1643. It would be
interesting to note that a number of Italian Navy submarines
were named after the inventor.
Ferdinand Verbiest (1623 - 1688)
Verbiest was an astronomer and a mathematician. He was the
one to invent the world's first automobile. The inventor came
up with the idea to create an automobile while visiting China as
a missionary. His automobile was powered by steam, but could
not carry humans.
Charles Babbage (1791-1871)
Charles Babbage was an English mathematician, philosopher, inventor
and mechanical engineer who originated the concept of a programmable
computer. Considered as “Father of Computers”, Babbage is credited
with inventing the first mechanical computer that eventually led to
more complex designs.
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (1845 - 1923)
The famous German physicist Röntgen is the one who
discovered the X-rays (also known as Röntgen rays).
This invention allowed the German scientist to win the first
Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901.
Thomas Edison (1847 - 1931)
He has made a large number of inventions, but the most wellknown
one is the electric bulb. Among other discoveries of
Thomas Edison there are telegraph devices, phonograph,
carbon transmitter, direct current generator, universal electric
motor, and more.
Emile Berliner (1851 - 1929)
The German-born Jewish American scientist became known for
his disc record gramophone (in the United States known as
phonograph or record player). Used for recording and
reproducing sounds on a gramophone record, vinyl record, the
device (with certain modifications made once in a while) was
popular until 1980s.
Alexander Graham Bell (1857 - 1922)
During the experiments he carried out with the telegraph,
Bell came up with the idea of the telephone.
The inventor of one of the most popular devices today
thought that the telephone was intruding, that is why he did
not have one in his workplace.
Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (1858 - 1913)
Being a mechanical engineer, Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel
managed to discover the diesel engine.
The German inventor was also a well-known thermal engineer, a
polyglot, an expert in arts, and a social theorist.
Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955)
One of the greatest scientists of the 20th century is the creator
of numerous inventions and theories that transformed a lot of
concepts linked to space and time, with the most important
discovery being the theory of relativity. Other discoveries of
Einstein include the photoelectric effect and the Einstein
Sir Alexander Fleming (1881 - 1955)
During the World War I Fleming worked as an army medical
doctor. He is the inventor of penicillin that prevented a lot of
soldiers from being infected. The discovery of penicillin
managed to significantly boost the evolution of medicine
Fritz Pfleumer (1881 - 1945)
The German-Austrian engineer is the inventor of the
magnetic tape used for recording sound. Pfleumer decided
to grant the right of use to the AEG, a German
manufacturer of electrical equipment. The event took place
on December 1, 1932. Based on Pfleumer's magnetic tape,
the German firm created the world's first practical tape
recorder dubbed Magnetophon K1.
Frederick Banting (1891 - 1941)
Initially Banting was dedicated to politics but later decided to
shift to medicine. In 1916 he completed his MD and during the
World War I worked as a doctor. He was very interested in
diabetes and continuously worked on a cure for it. Banting
searched for cure for diabetes together with Dr. Charles Best.
In 1923 the researcher was awarded with the Nobel Prize for